Nielsen’s usability principles and heuristics

June 5, 2008
  1. Visibility of system status – always keep users informed about
    what is going l, through providing appropriate feedback within
    reasonable time
  2. Match between system and the real world – speak the users’
    language, using words, phrases and concepts familiar to the user,
    rather than systemoriented terms
  3. User control and freedom – provide ways of allowing users to
    easily escape from places they unexpectedly find themselves, by
    using clearly marked ’emergency exits’
  4. Consistency and standards – avoid making users wonder whether different words, situations, or actions mean the same thing
  5. Help users recognize, diagnose, and recover from errors – use plain language to describe the nature of the problem and suggest a way of solving it
  6. Error prevention – where possible prevent errors occurring in
    the first place
  7. Recognition rather than recall – make objects, actions, and
    options visible 8. Flexibility and efficiency of use-provide
    accelerators that are invisible to lovice users, but allow more
    experienced users to carry out tasks more quickly 9. Aesthetic
    and minimalist design-avoid using information that is irrelevant
    or rarely needed
  8. Help and documentation – provide information that can be easily
    searched and provides help in a set of concrete steps that can
    easily be followed

From: Preece, J., Rogers, Y., Sharp, H. (2002), Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction, New York: Wiley, p.27

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