Lexical Relationships

March 10, 2009
    Linguistic Terms that describe lexical relationships:

  • Synonyms are different words with the same meaning;
  • A homonym is one of a group of words that share the same spelling and the same pronounciation but have different meanings;
  • Homographs are words with the same spelling but distinct meanings;
  • Heterophones have the same spelling but different meanings (and often different pronounciation);
  • Capitonyms are identically spelled words that take on different menaing when capitalized;
  • Hypernym is the more generic term in given taxonomy (duck is a hypernym of bird);
  • Hyponym is the subordinate and more specific term in a given taxonomy;
  • A Meronym describes a constituent part of a whole;
  • A holonym is a word that names the whole of which a given word is a part;
  • Polysemes are words with more than one similar meaning.

WordNet maintained by Princeton Unioversity

Based on Gene Smith, Tagging: People-Powered Metadata For The Social Web, p.70

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One Response to “Lexical Relationships”

  1. david Says:

    surely ‘duck’ is a hyponym of ‘bird’?


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