Posts Tagged ‘definitions’

Serendipity

June 12, 2008

“… many professional information architects use the word ‘serendipity’. In other words, visitors may be more likely to accidentally come across something that interests them that they would have missed if they had simply drilled down through a topical hierarchy.”

From: Reiss, E.L. (2000), Practical Information Architecture, Harlow: Pearson Education, p.74

To surface information

June 12, 2008

“surface – often used as a verb as in “to surface information”, which means to bring information to a higher level within the overall hierarchy or to create contextual links that make it easier for visitors to find related information located elsewhere on the site.”

From: Reiss, E.L. (2000), Practical Information Architecture, Harlow: Pearson Education, p. 13

Information Architecture

June 12, 2008

“Information architecture deals with the arrangement of browser-based information (more specifically, the internal relationships between individual web pages) so that visitors can do whatever they came to do with as little effort (and confusion) as possible.”

From: Reiss, E.L. (2000), Practical Information Architecture, Harlow: Pearson Education, p. 2

Faceted classification

June 12, 2008

“This is a faceted classification: a set of mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive categories, each made by isolating one perspective on the items (a facet), that combine to completely describe all the objects in question, and which users can use, by searching and browsing, to find what they need.”

From: Denton, William (2003), ‘How to make a faceted classification and put it on the Web’, [online] Available: http://www.miskatonic.org/library/facet-web-howto.html

User Experience Definition

June 11, 2008

“What makes a good experience varies from person to person, product to product, and task to task, but a good general definition is to define something as ‘usable’ if it’s functional, efficient, and desirable to its intended audience.”

From: Kuniavsky, M (2003), Observing the User Experience: A Practitioner’s Guide for User Research, San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann

Hypertext

June 10, 2008

“We may define a hypertext as a work which is made up from discrete units of material in which each one carries a number of pathways to other units. The work is a web of connection which the user explores using the navigational aids of the interface design. Each discrete “node” in the web has a number of entrances exits or links.”

From: Lister, Martin and Dovey, Jon et.al. (2003), New Media: A Critical Introduction, London: Routledge, p. 24

Information is about communication

June 10, 2008

Working definitions:
data: a string of identified but unevaluated symbols
information: evaluated, validated or useful data
knowledge: information in the context of understanding

“(…) And therein lies the key to the tower of Babel: Information is about communication. It involves the exchange of symbols. ideas, messages, and meaning between people. As such, it is characterized by ambiguity, redundancy, inefficiency, error, and indescribable beauty.”

From: Morville, Peter (2005), Ambient Findability, Sebastopol: O’Reilly, p.46